Monthly Archives: February 2017

Important Things to Know Before Choosing and Using a Sauna


Health Benefits of a Sauna

One of America’s foremost naturopaths, Dr. John R. Christopher, understood the importance of sweat baths (saunas) to release toxins from the body. He said, “One of the most important procedures … are the sweat baths. These will bring the poisons out of the body, wonderfully. There are various types of (sweat) baths, and these are all very valuable, very invigorating and health-giving.”  

What is a Sauna?

Simply stated, a sauna is the process of submitting the body to extremes of heat and cold; a sweating period followed by a cool-down period.   Saunas have become very popular, but many Americans may be missing out on most of its health benefits by doing it incorrectly. Unless you come from a country where saunas are prevalent, or have been instructed in their proper use, you may not know how to use one correctly.   The first thing to understand is that a sauna is not a weight-loss program. If you do lose a few pounds, it is only due to heavy sweating, but the increase in metabolism is not enough to cause true weight reduction. However, do not be dismayed! There are many wonderful health benefits that can be obtained from using the sauna on a regular basis.  

If you are new to the sauna experience  

Newcomers to the sauna may find it a little uncomfortable at first, particularly the burning sensation that occurs when you try to breathe through your nose, if you are using a dry heat sauna. Until you adjust, try breathing slowly through your mouth. Also, be aware that the higher up you are in the sauna room, the hotter the air will be. If it becomes too uncomfortable the first time, you can move to a lower level (if you are on the top bench), or you can stay in it a shorter amount of time. If you can, though, it is best to stay until you at least being to perspire.   There are other types of saunas, such as steam saunas and far-infrared (FIR) saunas. In opinion of this author, the FIRS are the best type because they also have a specific health benefit on the muscles and internal organs. These units are used in hospitals and other medical settings.  

What a sauna will do for you

  • Strengthen the immune system
  • Reduce colds and flu·
  • Give younger-looking skin·
  • Improve sleep
  • Detoxify the body by releasing heavy metals from the body
  • Relieve chronic respiratory problems such as asthma, bronchitis and hay fever (regular sauna users have fewer respiratory tract infections)
  • Help regulate high blood pressure
  • Improve and heal acne and other related skin problems
  • Reduce muscle pain and tension
  • Help improve blood circulation
  • Strengthen the cardiovascular system
  • Ease joint pain and stiffness (without toxic side-effects)
  • Relax muscles and increases flexibility
  • Relieve pain
  • Deep cleanse skin
  • Remove toxins and mineral waste
  • Burn calories
  • Reduce stress and fatigue
  • Lift depression
  • Help balance the psyche and emotions·
  • Provide a deep, total-body cleansing
  • Improve circulation

Equipment you will need

  • The sauna – Public saunas are not bad, but if you are able, it is far better to install one in your own home. Home saunas are affordable and one need not worry about picking up some bug from someone else’s sweat. An in-home sauna is also so much more convenient that you will undoubtedly use it more often. Consider the cost as an investment in your good health.
  • A very small bikini (if it is a public sauna). Your birthday suit works best, though, and is another good reason for installing your own sauna in your own home.
  • A body brush. These can be obtained from most health stores.
  • Shower shoes (for public sauna use) and access to a shower. Shower shoes are not needed if you have your own sauna at home. The shower afterwards is a very important part of the sauna experience. It cools you down quickly (keep in mind the principle of hydrotherapy) and rinses off the toxic-laden sweat your body has just produced.

How the sauna causes the body to detoxify  

The blood stream is composed of about half water and half cells. When you sweat, some of the water is removed and the blood gets thicker. The body then tries to maintain the balance in the blood by drawing water from the cells. As it does this, toxins are also pulled from the cells and the detoxification process begins. Once the toxins are in the blood stream, they will be delivered to the excretion organs-the liver and kidneys. About an hour after the sauna, the balance (homeostasis) is regained, whether you drink water or not. However, if you drink water during the sauna, it goes into the blood stream very quickly, which means that intra-cellular water is not needed and therefore the detoxification process is undermined.  

Things to Do When Using the Sauna

  • Remove all jewelry, as metal heats up quickly and can burn you
  • Do all of your exercising before you use the sauna, not after
  • Use a body brush to dry-brush your entire body before the sauna. This will promote faster sweating and stimulate your lymphatic system.
  • Make use of the restroom facilities prior to using the sauna
  • Spend 6 -15 minutes in the sauna. It is best to lie down, if possible. In any case, do not sit with your feet hanging down.
  • Use the second bench (or third, if there is one)
  • Relax, close your eyes. If some areas of your skin (such as elbows or shins) get too hot because they do not perspire, use your hands to move some perspiration from other areas.
  • After the time is up, take a cold shower (getting wet from the feet up) and spend an equal amount of time drying off, cooling down and relaxing. You may want to wear a robe so you don’t get chilled.
  • Repeat the above process at least 2 times–3 times if you can spare the time
  • Taking the sauna in your birthday suit (naked) is best, but for the public sauna, wear the smallest bikini or bathing trunks (made of light unlined cotton) that you can find. Or, you could wrap yourself loosely in a bath towel. A full bathing suit will trap the heat next to your body, which will hinder evaporation and your body will heat up too much under the clothing
  • Drink water to replenish the fluids after the sauna.
  • Eat lightly afterwards
  • If you can work in a full body massage afterwards, so much the better. You’ll want to drink plenty of water after the body massage.

Things Not to Do When Using the Sauna

  • Drink water during the sauna as it undermines the detoxification process
  • Go into the sauna with a wet body or wet swimsuit (you will not start to sweat until the moisture has evaporated).
  • Talk, read or exercise during the sauna
  • Dangle your legs over the edge of the bench. It is best to lie down, if possible. Dangling the legs over the edge causes blood to flow to the legs and collect there
  • Skip the cold water shower afterwards. This is import for several reasons.
  • Use a hot tub between or after a sauna session
  • Exercise after the sauna

 Do not use the sauna if you have:

  • Advanced arteriosclerotic conditions
  • Acute inflammatory arthritis
  • Acute infectious diseases, including tuberculosis
  • Cancer and other malignant degenerative problems
  • Uncontrolled circulatory or heart conditions
  • Extremely low blood pressure
  • Epilepsy or other seizure disorders
  • Serious liver or kidney problems
  • Advanced thyroid dysfunction (hyper or hypo)
  • Angina pectoris
  • Recent heart attack
  • Extreme acne vulgaris, eczema and open boils (in public sauna)

What Type of Sauna is Best?  

Many saunas utilize an electric heater. Sometimes rocks are piled up around the heater element to help retain heat. The rocks also can be doused occasionally with water to temporarily increase the humidity. The temperature inside is usually kept around 180 degrees Fahrenheit. This type of sauna usually takes an hour or two before it is ready for use and is probably the most expensive to use in terms of the use of electricity.  

The whole point of the sauna is to make your body sweat, which in turn helps it to get rid of toxins that have been building up inside. Sweat therapy is an excellent means of overall purification. The skin is the largest eliminative organ in the body and the elimination through sweating is more passive and requires less expenditure of energy than elimination via the kidneys and bowels. To aid and enhance the process of elimination of toxins, you can add herbal teas such as yarrow, elder or peppermint. Do not drink them during the sauna process, however.  

The heat from the infra-red sauna allows your body to produce a great deal more perspiration through your pores and it requires less time to be ready for use. Far-infrared therapy is FDA approved for pain relief, decreasing joint stiffness, detoxification and increasing blood circulation. It is both safe and natural. As one who has relied on this therapy, I can vouch for its effectiveness on pain. After using the FIR unit, pain I experienced from a case of frozen shoulder decreased by about 80% or more, and when used regularly, the pain reduction was almost 100%. I personally would not be without a FIR unit.  

Copyright © 2009 Jayne Baer.  All rights reserved.


by Jayne Baer

Body Scrub Importance


The total spa experience will never be complete without a body scrub. The body scrub is the ultimate cleansing experience that you can get from a local spa and wellness center. It is a spa treatment which involves the use of natural and coarse materials like salt, crushed nuts and sugar suspended in a semi-liquid emulsion. This emulsion is used by the spa therapist to rub off the dead skin cells from the client’s body for total rejuvenation and relaxation. The mechanical removal of the dead skin layer during the scrub session exposes the young and supple layer of the skin, which makes the customer appear younger. It may also be prepared at home using your own recipes and concoctions.

There are many health benefits linked to this treatment. One of the more obvious uses of the scrub is for exfoliation. One method of exit for toxins is through the skin; thus, shedding the dead layer of skin consequently sloughs off the layer of toxins on the skin. When the skin is already bare, treatment spa lotions and essential oils may easily penetrate the skin and mitigate the intended effects of rejuvenation and invigoration.

The same process of exfoliation is also used in the skin whitening therapy of commercial scrubs to enhance complexion and beauty. The exposed younger skin layer after mechanical exfoliation will feel moisturized and soft. The rubbing action during the scrub on the skin layer may also promote good skin circulation of the blood and lymph making the skin firmer and healthier.

The use of coffee as a scouring agent in some body scrubs has been proven to get rid of blemishes and cellulites that may cause an uneven skin texture. To some customers, the smell of coffee during the scrub is already an invigorating experience of its own. The use of sea salts in the scrub has been known to result in “glowing” or beaming skin. The sea salt scrub experience has been dubbed to be so good that most clients claim to feel happy, relaxed and fresh after the treatment.

The whole body scrub spa package usually comes with a complete body massage to conclude the whole experience on a soothing note. Total relaxation is perhaps the most important benefit of a body scrub. It can ease out stress and promote a fantastic level of well-being among its patrons. For the body scrub and massage, different essential oils for aromatherapy are used. These promote better breathing and quell allergies.

Book your ultimate body scrub experience at the O2 spa nearest to you and enjoy our invigorating scrub and unique massage in the Chennai branch today. Customers may choose from our special body scrubs like almond honey cleanser, African coco moisturizing solution, coco butter deep moisturizing scrubs, Australian tea tree exfoliating extracts and our classic whitening scrub.


by Ritesh Mastipuram

Panasonic EP 1285 Massage Chair Review


Panasonic has been in the massage chair market for over 35 years. They have developed a variety of different massage recliners at many price points. One of their midrange models is the EP-1285 massage chair. This is a contemporary leather massage lounger that comes with the Swede Atsu urban set of features. Here are some of the highlights of the Panasonic EP 1285 massage chair.

This recliner comes with an air ottoman system. This air system features 12 airbags that are designed for helping the circulation of the lower body. These airbags are specifically contoured to help promote better blood circulation.

There are nine basic massage modes to select from. There are four automatic programs and three pre-programs for specific parts of the neck, back and shoulders. This gives you quite a variety of massage treatments to choose from.

This recliner sports the Swede Atsu urban massaging system. This system accurately simulates the stroking of the palm of the hand, pressing with the heel of the hand, kneading with the thumbs and pressure with the thumbs.

Some of the massages contained in this recliner are patterned after chiropractic treatments. There is a new massaging technique called chiropractic. This massage technique is used for relaxing the muscles while promoting good posture by helping to eliminate fatigued muscles.

The remote control is fairly simple to use. There are automatic programs which work off the touch of a single button. You can open the remote control to access the manual controls as well.

One nice feature included in the EP 1285 massage chair is the leg stretch. The leg stretch is great for relieving stiffness in your lower back, hips and thighs. This system works in conjunction with the air system holding your ankles while the leg rest will stretch out your lower body.

You get a variety of different massage actions with this recliner. There are massaging actions such as kneading, Swedish, soft shiatsu, full roll, compression, Hawaiian, tapping and regional roll. This gives you a good selection of different massages to meet a variety of needs.

This recliner also comes with a motorized recline. You can adjust the position of the chair back with the remote control. This makes it very convenient to find the right angle to receive your massage treatment.

This recliner also comes with an auto shutoff for the automatic programs. The massage program lasts about 15 minutes. It will automatically shut off and it will return the chair to its full upright position when complete.

The leg Ottoman gives you two different massaging features. You can use the leg stretch. Or you can use the leg air massage. Adjust the intensity of the air system to your level of comfort.

The leg Ottoman is not motorized and works by using a lever. A piston will raise the leg rest up when the lever it is activated. To lower the leg rest, you must push down with your legs to lower it.

There is a lot of variety of techniques in this recliner. This recliner is rather soft and subtle with the massage treatments. Although it can make a number of movements, sometimes it seems to lacking in good pressure. This can be problematic for those who wish deeper massage treatments.

Overall, the Panasonic EP-1285 massage chair has some nice features. It also comes with full grain leather upholstery. The air massage system is a great feature, but the back massage is a little weaker than other models in this category. If you are looking for a solid massage chair in a midrange level then check out the Panasonic EP 1285 massage chair.

by Jerry P Wright

How Alternative Medicine Can Help With Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction


The Sphincter of Oddi, named after Ruggero Oddi, an Italian anatomist who described this structure in 1887, is the muscle valve that regulates the flow of bile and pancreatic juice into the duodenum (beginning of the small intestine). Regulation of the Sphincter of Oddi is accomplished through the nervous system and the blood by special messengers- digestive hormones.

If there is no food in the intestine, the Sphincter of Oddi valve remains closed. Bile is retained in the gallbladder and pancreatic juice is retained in the pancreas. Spasms or blockage of this valve may cause bile and pancreatic juice to back up.

If a tiny amount of bile gets into the pancreatic duct, serious trouble can ensue. Bile can activate digestive enzymes inside the pancreas and these enzymes start to digest their own pancreatic cells, causing pain, congestion, inflammation and even the death of pancreatic tissue. This is referred to as pancreatitis.

The blockages of the Sphincter of Oddi by tumors, large gallbladder stones, or scars after inflammation, certainly need surgery. The number of individuals with these problems is relatively small, but millions of Americans suffer from occasional transient spasms of the Sphincter of Oddi with pain, nausea and bloating. In most situations, their tests are normal and these individuals get labeled with acid reflux disease, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), stomach flu, food poisoning or other diseases.

Many of those ppersons have type III Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction (SOD). According to statistic information, the prevalence of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction in the general population is 1.5%. It can mean that 4.5 million people in the US suffer from SOD.

A lack of proper treatment of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction can later cause serious complications like pancreatitis and gallbladder inflammation.

Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction can affect children, women after age 40, overweight individuals and people after abdominal surgeries. For example, statistics show that almost 20% of individuals with pain after gallbladder removal have the Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction.

Why does the Sphincter of Oddi become spasmodic? The answer depends on many reasons if we put into account the very complicated regulation of this sphincter by the nervous system and special blood messengers – digestive hormones. Here are some examples of what can make the Sphincter of Oddi spasm:

• Stress, depression and anxiety

• Poor eating habits such as “eating on the go”, eating while watching television, irregular diets, dieting, fasting and wrong combinations of foods such as mixing fatty foods with starches and sugars

• Drugs, some medication, alcohol and nicotine

• Harsh, intensive and repetitive “liver cleansing”

• Hormonal imbalance such as lower thyroid function or menopause

• “Aggressive” acidic bile with sand, sludge, gallbladder stones and more

Usually we can see combinations of these factors in predisposed individuals with overweight issues, sedentary lifestyles and stress for long periods of time.

The Standard American Diet, which is full of processed and acidic foods (meat, sugars, alcohol, animal fats, white flour, etc.) causes acidity in the whole body. The Standard American Diet leads to acidic conditions in the bile and pancreatic juice as well. The bile becomes acidic and the amount of bile acids in the bile increases as well. Bile acids are very aggressive substances; they irritate the wall of the Sphincter of Oddi causing muscle contractions – spasms.

3-4 liters of mixed pancreatic juice and bile travel through the Sphincter of Oddi daily. Acidification of these fluids makes them very “aggressive,” corroding and irritating for surrounding tissues, particularly the Sphincter of Oddi. Putting into account that bile is a vehicle for removing toxic chemicals such as bile pigments, heavy metals, drugs, medications and poisons from the body, and that bile ducts and the gallbladder often harbor parasites, there is no question that the Sphincter of Oddi is an easy target for irritation. Additionally, alcohol, unhealthy foods, irregular eating and improper food combinations cause chaos in the normal functioning of the Sphincter of Oddi as well.

The most common and prominent symptom of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction is upper abdominal pain. This is often experienced as a sharp pain in the middle of the abdomen right below the rib cage. Pain can be severe in nature, bring people to the hospital and require pain medication. But in many cases, pain may be mild and usually does not need painkillers. Symptoms of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction are divided as biliary pain and pancreatic pain.

Symptoms of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction Biliary Abdominal Pain include:

• Biliary pain felt in the middle or right part of the upper abdomen

• Pain radiating on the back at the lower tip of the scapula or right shoulder

• Pain accompanied often by bloating, nausea and vomiting

• Pain precipitated by fatty food or alcohol intake

• Pain varying in intensity and lasting anywhere from 15 minutes to 4-5 hours

Symptoms of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction Pancreatic Abdominal Pain include:

• Pain located in the upper abdomen on the left or right side

• Pain radiating directly through the abdomen to the back

• Pain accompanied often by bloating, nausea, and vomiting

• Pain precipitated by incorrect food combinations of protein/fat/starch/sugar food or consumption of alcohol

Non-drug holistic approaches may be helpful. Holistic remedies for healing of the Sphincter Oddi Dysfunction Type III are widely used in many countries throughout the world.

The healing program of the Sphincter Oddi Dysfunction type III may include some actions:

• Healing Customized Diet

• Drinking healing mineral water prepared from genuine Karlovy Vary spring salt

• European Whole Body Cleansing through the Restoration of Friendly Intestinal Flora and Colon Hydrotherapy

• Anti-Candida Program

• Acupuncture

• Herbal Medicine

• Nutritional Supplementation

• Chiropractic Manipulations

• Visceral Massage

• Relaxation, Meditation, Hypnosis, Custom Hypnosis CDs

Healing courses of alternative and holistic medicine can be used separately or as complementary approaches to traditional medicine.

The information on this article is presented for educational, informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for the diagnosis, treatment and advice of a qualified licensed medical professional.

by Peter Melamed Ph.D.

How to Treat Athlete’s Foot Naturally


I’m not going to go into what athlete’s foot is and how you can ‘catch it’ here because that would just take too long, and if you’ve already got athlete’s foot then I’m pretty sure that you just want to get rid of it as soon as possible!

Out of all the athlete’s foot and fungus creams I’ve come across there has only ever been one natural skin care product I’ve witnessed that really works.

It’s an Aloe Vera product and it’s probably one of the best natural skin care products I’ve seen in a long while. Aloe Vera is one of the most powerful natural skin care products available and has been proven to kill germs, bacteria or fungi of just about every imaginable description. So, when I came across Aloe Liquid Soap, Aloe Propolis Creme and Aloe Vera Gelly, I began to use them and the results were amazing. The athlete’s foot has totally cleared up.

To begin your athlete’s foot treatment, follow these simple steps:

1. Wash or bathe your feet in a product called Aloe Liquid Soap. It comes in a plastic bottle with a pump dispensing top. Add 1 or 2 squirts of the aloe liquid soap to warm water. Make sure that you gently massage your feet whilst they are soaking so that the Aloe Vera can do its job using its natural properties to soothe, clean and heal your feet. Soak your feet for as long as you wish.

2. Next, dry your feet thoroughly, but make sure that you do not leave them to get ‘bone-dry’ because of the following step. Your feet must still feel hydrated.

3. Apply a liberal amount of Aloe Vera Propolis Crème all over your feet. This is where you are going to focus most of your attention now. Make sure that you really massage the crème between your toes. Applying this crème to ‘hydrated’ feet allows the healing properties of the Aloe Propolis to be grately absorbed. Get it into every little crack, especially if you have any weeping cracks in between your toes. Also, make sure that you also apply the propolis crème to your toe nails whether they are all infected or not.

Do this procedure as often as you can and in due course you will be rewarded with healthy feet. Take the time to really apply a good amount of the propolis creme all over your feet. Work it into the direction of the cracks and really try, but gently, to get the creme sort of under the cracks so the aloe can get to work. You’ll be glad you did.

The Aloe Propolis Crème is a natural antifungal product. If you are currently using any sort of antifungal medication, you have the choice of whether or not you wish to continue using it. But after experiencing the healing benefits of the Aloe Propolis Crème, you may not look back.

How To Treat Athlete’s Foot Naturally In Children

If you have ever wondered how to treat athlete’s foot naturally in children, then the above procedure applies to you also.

The Aloe Propolis Crème is a 100% totally natural skin care product and will treat and heal your child’s athlete’s foot naturally. There are absolutely no steroids or any other additives or preservatives here, which is good news because this means that you can use as much of this crème as you need.

Athlete’s Foot: How to Stop the Burning and Itching Cycle?

Another method used to treat athlete’s foot, especially to get rid of the burning and itching cycle, is to use Aloe Vera Gelly.

If you followed the procedure above, soaking your feet in warm water with the Aloe Liquid Soap added to it, then after you have dried your feet, you also have the option of using the Aloe Vera Gelly.

The Aloe Vera Gelly is a simple but very effective treatment for all stages of athlete’s foot. When applied, you will notice how cooling and soothing it is. The burning your were experiencing should start to ease off. Once again, massage the gelly all around your feet paying special attention to any cracks you may have. Rub the gelly in both clockwise and anticlockwise directions to make sure that you give your feet the treatment they need.

For maximum effect, you could use both the Aloe Propolis Crème and the Aloe Vera Gelly together, first thing in the morning and last thing at night. There is no right or wrong way to use both of these products. You could use them both together during the day as well, but if you’re going to use this method of treatment, it would be better if you didn’t walk around on your feet for a while. But instead, keep your feet up and just allow the Aloe Vera to do what it does best, which is to clean and heal. It doesn’t matter if you use the propolis before the aloe gelly or after. Just know that you have natural products that really do work.

by Jasmine Webley

Can Massage Therapy Treat Fracture Injuries?


Massage therapy is a treatment option which can reduce pain and discomfort in the soft tissue surrounding a fracture injury, and it can also assist in reducing edema and muscle tension of both the affected and compensating structures. When a massage therapy treatment plan is carried out correctly, once the cast is removed, a client can regain full function sooner as the health and mobility of compensating muscles has been addressed.

Initially, your massage therapist will only work above the cast, and will take care to not disturb the healing bone. Eventually, when the cast is removed, massage therapy will continue to restore the health of the tissue by increasing circulation, restoring function and strength, and reducing any scar tissue.

Considerations for treatment

It is highly recommended that your physician provide a written recommendation for massage, and your therapist probably won’t agree to treat you until your doctor has given the green light.

In all likelihood, you will also be seeing a physical (physio) therapist. It’s a good idea to provide written permission for your massage therapist to collaborate with your other health care professionals to ensure the best possible care and treatment outcome.

Before your massage therapist begins to treat you, he or she will want to verify the following information:

  • your physician has approved massage therapy
  • are you on any type of medication? (anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-coagulant, antibiotics).
  • what is your general health – for example, consider age, fitness prior to injury, nutrition (your MT may refer you to a nutritionist, as proper nutrition impacts the healing process), lifestyle (i.e. do you smoke?)
  • are there any open wounds which must be addressed? (i.e. with a compound fracture)
  • Will treating the affected limb with massage therapy stress and disrupt the healing of bone, muscle, skin or nerve tissue?
  • is there any neurological or vascular impairment in the area which prevents the use of certain massage techniques or modalities?
  • do you have any plates, wires or pins? If so, hydrotherapy over the site will be contraindicated.
  • the most important consideration is to avoid stressing and interfering with healing tissue. Any pressure or traction applied to the affected bone is contraindicated.
  • have other types of injuries been sustained, such as sprains or contusions? (in all likelihood, there will be other injuries)
  • muscle atrophy from disuse will be present when the cast is removed. Provided that the injury is not an avulsion fracture, the development of atrophy can be reduced by the use of isometric contractions at the appropriate time with cast on. If an avulsion fracture is present, avoid isometric contractions, as this may disrupt the healing bone.
  • tissue under the cast will be fragile when the cast is removed, so extra care must be taken when massaging this tissue

As treatment progresses and the injury heals, issues such as tissue atrophy, altered biomechanics and altered proprioception must be taken into account. For this reason, there are different considerations for treatment with cast on and cast off.

Types of fractures

There are several basic types of fractures:

1. Simple – there is no broken skin, and the break is clean. Also known as a “closed” fracture.

2. Compound – the broken bone damages surrounding tissue and skin by piercing it. There is a greater risk of infection in this type of break due to breaking of the skin and protrusion of the injured bone.

3. Comminuted – a fracture that is in several pieces – common among a population with more brittle bones (i.e. elderly)

4. Compression – a fracture where the bone is crushed

5. Depression – a fracture where the bone is crushed and pressed inward

6. Impacted – bony surfaces are forced into each other (impacted)

7. Spiral – an break with ragged edges that result from twisting

8. Greenstick – an incomplete break that is common in children, as bones are more flexible

9. Stress fracture – a.k.a. hairline fracture, is a tiny crack in the bone and may not be visible with an x-ray

10. Avulsion – this occurs when a ligament or tendon pulls away a chunk of bone to which it is attached.

Fractures and breaks are repaired by “reduction” – when the bony ends are placed back together. A closed reduction is done manually by a physician, whereas an open reduction involves surgery, and possibly the placement of pins or wires to hold the bony surfaces together.

Finding the best massage therapist for you

It goes without saying that an injury as serious as a fracture or break will require treatment from a therapist who really knows his or her stuff and understands the healing process. Personally, I would ask my physical therapist if he or she could refer me to a qualified and experienced massage therapist, and then ensure that I give them both permission to communicate with each other so that my treatment plan would address all of my needs and concerns.

by Jodi Forsythe

Graphic Design and Its Genre


Graphic design is originally a skilful combination of texts and pictures in advertisements, magazines, books, etc that functions as an effective means of visual communication.

It refers to a number of artistic and professional disciplines which focus on visual communication and presentation. Different methods and devices are used to create and combine: symbols, images, styles and words to create a visual representation of ideas and messages.

To be more precise, it is a creative process where generally the clients, designers and sign-makers put their head together to chalk out a sign, symbol, and design in order to convey a specific message (or messages) to a targeted audience. In a phrase you can say graphic design “Visual Communication or Communication Design.”

A Graphic web design might use visual arts, typography and page layout techniques to produce its final result. Graphic design often includes both processes designing for communication and the products (designs).

Types of Graphic Web Design:

Basically it can be categorized into four distinct categories:

1. Image-based

2. Type-based

3. Image and type

4. Symbols, logos and logotypes


This category includes graphic designs to represent the ideas which a company or web designer wants to convey. It functions as a powerful and compelling tool of communication, conveying not only information but also moods and emotions. People also respond to images according to their perception, personalities, associations, and previous experience.

Image based design must cover the entire massage and a few words are allowed if it badly needs. Massage may be conveyed in different ways like: photography, paint, drawing, or graphic.


Sometime designers choose words to convey a message in a different ways writers do. They use whether typography or handmade lettering to perform many communication functions.

Image and type

Web Designers sometimes combine images and typography to convey clients’ message to the audience. They use words (typography) and images (photography, illustration, and fine art) to make a complete message.

Symbols, logos and logotypes

Symbols, logos are the highly condensed and microcosm of information or identification of a company. Here some particular Symbols, logos encapsulate a company-profile, its identification, its product service, its goals, mission and vision.

by Andrew Hornby

Make Your Breasts Grow Bigger


So you’re wondering how to make your breasts bigger and have fun at the same time? I compiled a list of some methods of breast enlargement that are more fun than plastic surgery and they all have worked for someone. Of course, some work better than others.

Banana Boobs. There are actually many people who believe that mashing up some bananas and putting the goo into your bra will cause breast growth. Testimonials say to wear as long and as often as possible. Be sure to use an old bra, and don’t grab the wrong one when you’re getting ready for that job interview!

Perk ’em up with Papaya. If you don’t want mashed banana in your bra, you could just add some papaya to your diet. This particular fruit is believed to enhance breasts naturally just by adding it to your diet. Maybe, maybe not…but it’s a sweet addition!

Go Herbal. There are herbal supplements that are often recommended to those wondering how to make your breasts bigger. You can usually find them in the vitamin section at your local grocery store. The most popular herbs are Saw Palmetto, Fenugreek, and Fennel. Wild yam is also pretty high on the list. There are also supplements that combine ingredients especially for boobs. Popping pills isn’t exactly a fun pastime, but it beats the scalpel and the risk of leaking implants.

Go for the massage. I’m not talking about an expensive Swedish massage at a spa. I’m talking about creams that you massage right into your breasts to give them a boost. The ingredients in these creams are often the same as in the herbal supplements. For more fun, enlist your favorite man to do the application for you. There aren’t many men who would turn down that chance to help out…it’s easier to talk a husband into touching your boobs that it is to get him to take out the trash!

Work those girls. There are some exercise moves that will build up your Pecs (chest muscles) and give the girls a boost from below. Building your chest will make them appear larger and firmer. If you are a workout queen, then just add some chest presses and butterfly lifts to your routine.

No matter which method you choose, deciding how to make your breasts bigger is the hard part. The easy part is just doing it!

by Hilary J. Dale

The Benefits of Using a Hand Held Massager


Anybody can benefit from the benefits of a hand held massager, regardless of your physical activity level. The way that hand held massagers work is by delivering the right amount of pressure and vibrations to the tight or sore muscles in your body. Of course, most people use them to massage their neck or back. In this article we will discuss some of the best reasons that you should consider purchasing a personal massager for use in your home.

Reason One: Reducing Aches and Pains Naturally

Repetitive activities that you engage in throughout your day can cause an increase in pain. Things such as sitting in front of your computer for several hours a day can put a lot of strain on your neck and shoulders. If your job is more physically active, then being on your feet and moving around all day can cause aches in your legs and back. A personal massager can help fight these aches and pains naturally. This is a great advantage over pain medications. Pain medications treat the symptoms, but a personal massager works right into the muscle, which helps relieve the pain by relaxing the muscles in your body.

Reason Two: Reducing Stress

A lot of people are not aware of how much stress affects their lives. Being stressed can make it difficult for you to concentrate, make you less productive at work and drain your energy. When you have high stress levels, your body releases a hormone called cortisol, which can increase your body fat.

Reason Three: Making Exercise More Effective

You should definitely consider taking advantage of a hand held massager if you work out on a regular basis. Flexibility can be as important to fitness as strength, endurance or stamina. When you use a massager on your muscles, they become more loose and flexible. This greater flexibility will give you a greater range of motion, which will help you exercise more effectively. Relaxed muscles greatly reduce the chances of suffering from cramps or injury while working out. Combining massage with regular stretching can greatly improve your physical performance while exercising.

Reason Four: Portability

On top of being wonderfully effective, a hand held massager can be brought almost anywhere with you. You can use it while watching television in your home or in your bedroom just before going to bed. They are small enough that you can pack it up and bring it with you when you travel. Some people go so far as to bring their portable massager with them to work, so they can relax themselves during their breaks.

by Dia Druetta

Virgo Men – How to Go About Loving a Virgo Man


Loving a Virgo man requires complete honesty on your part. Try and deceive or fool him and you will always be found out. The Virgo man must be able to trust you implicitly so always be truthful with him.

Virgo men also hate “drama scenes” so be open and honest when sharing things with him or asking something from him but never let the moment get too heated; Virgo men find it difficult to deal with high emotion. Indeed they often have a burning desire to be on their own with their own thoughts; do understand that this is part of the personality of Virgo.

Virgo man loves to be seduced – start with chat. Talk about him and his work; let him know how impressed you are with him and his achievements. Talk things over with him, let him know he’s wanted and appreciated. Make him feel special. Maintain lots of eye contact and let those eyes tell him that you want to make love with him. If there is any doubt on his part take a gentle lead and simply suggest to him how you would like to please him and what you would like. Ask for his help in pleasing each other.

If it’s your first time constantly reassure him and gently guide him. Virgo man likes long foreplay; aggressive moves tend to turn him off so be patient. Perhaps start with some gentle stroking and petting and maybe suggest a back massage. Spend some time kissing and cuddling until you feel the time is right then slowly show him what you would like to do for him and what you would like him to do for you. If he would like to take the lead then let him and continually let him know how he pleases you.

You must make sure your Virgo man feels loved and needed at all times if you wish to keep him. You must maintain the important details in his life: respect and care for yourself and your health, keep a tidy, clean house and always keep him special.

Keep him special and you give yourself the best chance of keeping him!

by Mary E. Ellen